Episode #4 – Orange Beginnings

National Archives (Kew), WO 119-70-47, Royal Hospital, Kilmainham:
Pensioners’ Discharge Documents (Certificates of Service), Pensioners Resident in the Colonies, Richard Richards

Donald Akenson, The Irish in Ontario (1984)

Miles Byrne, Memoirs of Miles Byrne.  Edited by His Widow.  New Edition with an Introduction by Stephen Gwynn, Volume 1 (1907)

Daniel Gahan, “The ‘Black Mob’ and the ‘Babes in the Woods’: Wexford in the Wake of Rebellion, 1798-1806,” Journal of the Wexford Historical Society 6, 13 (1990): 92-110

Donald M. MacRaild, “Wherever Orange is Worn: Orangeism and Irish Migration in the 19th and early 20th centuries,” Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, Vol. 28/29, Nos. 2 and 1 (Fall 2002-Spring 2003): 98-117

Jane G. V. McGaughey, Violent Loyalties: Manliness, Migration, and the Irish in the Canadas, 1798-1841 (2020)

James G. Patterson, “White Terror: Counter-Revolutionary Violence in South Leinster, 1798-1801,” Eighteen Century Ireland 15 (2000): 38-53

Hereward Senior, “The Genesis of Canadian Orangeism,” Ontario History 60, 1 (1968): 13-30

Hereward Senior, Orangeism: The Canadian Phase (1972)

Sidney F. Wise, God’s Peculiar Peoples: Essays on Political Culture in Nineteenth Century Canada (1993)

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A podcast exploring the histories and legacies of Irish immigrants and their Canadian descendants.